Rubella is a contagious disease caused by virus. Most people contacting rubella usually have a mild illness, with symptoms such as a low-grade fever, sore throat, or a rash that starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body. Rubella can cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects in a developing baby if a woman is infected while pregnant.
What can you do to protect yourself from Rubella?
– Make sure you are fully vaccinated or protected against rubella.
– Otherwise, you should consult healthcare providers and get vaccinated 2 weeks prior to traveling.
– MMR vaccination is given to adults as 2 doses, with the second given at least 4 weeks after the first. (Vaccine requires 2 weeks after the first dose to become fully effective.)
– Pregnant women should not get MMR vaccine as it can be harmful to the foetus.
– Women should avoid getting pregnant for 4 weeks after MMR vaccination.
– Pregnant women should avoid traveling to rubella-endemic countries if not protected against it, through either vaccination or previous rubella infection.
– If necessary, pregnant women should follow the advice given to all travelers and take extra precautions when traveling during this outbreak.
– Children aged less than 9 months should avoid traveling to rubella-endemic countries as the MMR vaccine in Thailand can only be administered since 9 months of age.
*For those who have plan to travel to Japan during this outbreak, it is recommended to get vaccinated at least 2 weeks before traveling.
(Ref. Department of Disease Control, October 2018)