…..Influenza is a viral infection of the respiratory tract. The virus is spread by respiratory droplets. The incubation period is approximately 1-4 days. In many cases the symptoms may resemble mild febrile illnesses. However, in certain cases, it may lead to complications such as pneumonia.
Where is Influenza Found?
Influenza may occur worldwide, particularly in crowded conditions.
.Symptoms include :
There is no specific treatment for influenza. Antibiotics are used only if there are bacterial complications.
.Who is at high risk and should be vaccinated?
People over 65 years old age
Those with chronic disease (Lung disease, Asthma, Heart disease, Kidney failure and Diabetes)
Health are worker
Close contacts of those at high risk of influenza
People with compromised immune systems example, Cancer and HIV)
6-18 year olds who are on long term aspirin therapy
Traveler to endemic areas
How to prevent Influenza?
…..There is vaccine for influenza which provides partial immunity for a few months up to 1 year. The vaccine’s antigen configuration changes yearly and is based on strains prevalent during the preceding year. The vaccine is contraindicated in those allergic to eggs. Immunity is usually achieved 2 weeks after vaccination. One injection gives protection for one year. Other method of prevention include :
Keeping yourself healthy
Washing hands before and after eating
A good diet
The side effects of vaccination include :
Low grade fever
Pain at injection site for 1 or 2 days
For more information please contact the International Travel Medicine Clinic (ITMC) at BNH Hospital