fbpx

Asthma in the Age of Pollution

วิธีรักษาโรคหอบหืดให้หายขาด

The increasing air pollution and changing lifestyle patterns have elevated the risk and severity of asthma. While this condition can be caused by genetic factors and environmental triggers, many individuals without a family history are now affected. Contributing factors to the increased risk of asthma include indoor environmental factors (such as dust mites and mold), air pollution, smoking, obesity, sinusitis, allergies, and stress.

Asthma is a condition characterized by inflammation of the airways, resulting in heightened sensitivity to various stimuli. It involves constriction and spasm of the airway smooth muscles, leading to symptoms like fatigue, difficulty breathing, chronic coughing, and easily triggered wheezing and breathlessness, sometimes accompanied by wheezing sounds. Severe cases can be life-threatening due to inadequate oxygen supply. However, asthma can be controlled with regular medication, preventing exacerbations.

Treatment of Asthma:

Asthma can be effectively treated, contrary to common misconceptions. Early treatment increases the likelihood of recovery, particularly in children, with over a 50% chance of remission. Adults and the elderly are at higher risk for severe symptoms, making recovery more challenging. Treatment options include:

1. Maintenance Medications:

These are long-term medications aimed at controlling symptoms and promoting remission. They include inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene receptor antagonists, and long-acting bronchodilators, which should be used regularly to reduce airway inflammation and hyper responsiveness. Biologic treatments like benralizumab, omalizumab, mepolizumab, and dupilumab are suitable for patients who do not respond adequately to high-dose inhaled medications. These treatments are safe and effective for specific patient populations.

Additional tests such as lung function tests, allergy tests, and Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) measurements can aid in selecting appropriate medications.

Innovative treatments like bronchial thermoplasty are available for patients with severe symptoms and thickened airway muscles. Sublingual immunotherapy with dust mite allergens can also be considered.

2. Rescue Medications:

These fast-acting bronchodilators provide immediate relief during asthma attacks but do not treat underlying inflammation. They should be used alongside maintenance medications.

Self-care Measures:

Avoiding air pollutants and quitting smoking are essential. Regular aerobic exercise and breathing exercises can help improve lung function and symptom control. Environmental modifications at home and work, such as avoiding allergens and maintaining cleanliness, are crucial.

Weight loss, if overweight, can significantly improve lung function and symptom control. Vaccination against respiratory infections like influenza, pneumococcus, and COVID-19 is recommended.

Article by:

Prof. Dr. Orapan Poachanukoon

BNH Asthma and Allergy Centre (BAAC)

Contact us to inquire or make an appointment with our staff. LINE @MBRACE

Make an online doctor appointment

PROF. ORAPAN POACHANUKOON, M.D.

BNH Asthma and Allergy Centre

Specialty

Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

Language

Thai, English

Make an appointment


– PAEDIATRICS
– PAEDIATRIC ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY


– Thai Board of Paedicatrics, Prince of Songkla University
– Thai Board of Paediatrics Allergy and Immunology Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
– American Board Certified in Nutritional Wellness


– PH.D. IN THE FACULTY OF DENTAL MEDICINE AND ORAL HEALTH SCIENCES AT THAMMASAT UNIVERSITY
– Doctor of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine,Prince of Songkla University

Doctor’s Schedule
DayTimeLocation
Saturday09:00 – 17:00BNH Asthma and Allergy Centre

บทความที่เกี่ยวข้อง

We use cookies to improve performance. and good experience in using your website You can study the details at Cookies policy and you can change your cookie settings by clicking Cookie settings

Privacy Preferences

You can choose your cookie setting by turn on / turn off except for necessary cookie.

Accept All
Manage Consent Preferences
  • Strictly Necessary cookies
    Always Active

    Are very essential to our website as these allow the web servers to respond to your actions, support the structure of the page being displayed to you as well as provide the consistency of experience during your journey of surfing our website. These cookies will last only till the end of your visit and will be deleted automatically since then.
    See list of strictly necessary cookies

  • Analytical / Performance cookies

    Allow us to monitor the performance of our websites by determining the number of page views and the number of unique users a website has. Web analytics services are performed so as to analyse patterns of user behaviour and we use that information to enhance user experience or identify areas of the website which may require improvement. Nonetheless, the information is anonymous (i.e. it cannot be used to identify you and does not contain personal information such as your name and email address) and it is only used for statistical purposes.
    See list of analytic / performance cookies

  • Functional cookies

    Help us to recognise when you revisit our website. With this information, thereby we can customise our website based on your preferences, provide enhanced, more personal features to facilitate your visit. Such information collected by these cookies is usually anonymised, hence we cannot identify you personally.
    See list of functional cookies

  • Behavioural Advertising / Targeting cookies

    Will be placed on your device to record your visit, the page and the link you have visited and followed. The gained information will be used to tailor our website and our advertising campaign to suit your interests.
    See list of marketing cookies

Save