Glaucoma Disease

 

Learn about Glaucoma

A group of eye conditions caused by damage to the optic nerve, often resulting from increased pressure in the eyes.

Can damage vision slowly and lead to loss of vision
Can be effectively treated if diagnosed early.

 

Risk Factors

People of African descent are 6-8 times more susceptible to glaucoma, while people of Asian descent are at higher risk of angle-closure glaucoma.

  • 40 years of age or older
  • Family history of glaucoma
  • Increased eye pressure
  • Having had an eye injury
  • Long-term steroid medications use
  • Other risk factors include a high degree of near and far sightedness, thin cornea, diabetes, and migraines.

 

Symptoms

Most patients do not have any symptoms in the early stages. If it is not treated early, gradual loss of sight starting with peripheral vision will occur and finally resulting in permanent vision loss.

 

Diagnosis Includes:

Slit-lamp Microscopy Eye Exam
Eye Pressure Test (Intraocular Pressure)
Anterior Chamber Angle Exam
Optic Nerve Exam
Visual Field Test

 

Treatment

As the damage caused by glaucoma cannot be reversed, the purpose of the treatment is to slow down the damage to the optic nerve and maintain the vision for as long as possible. Treatment options are vary from medications, laser treatment and conventional surgery, depending on the type and stage of the condition.