MEASLES

 

 

Measles

Is a highly contagious infection caused by the Morbili virus which causes fever and a skin rash.

The rates of infection are highest during winter to early summer.

 

Cause of Infection

The virus is airborne which spreads through coughing and sneezing, close personal contact or direct contact with infected nasal or throat secretions. The virus remains active and is contagious in the air or on infected surfaces.

 

Signs and Symptoms

The first sign begins with high fever, runny nose, and cough, red and watery eyes that last 2 to 4 days. Small white spots inside the cheeks can develop 1 – 2 days after symptoms begin.

After several days, a rash develops, starting on the face at the hairline and spreads downwards to the neck, trunk, arms, and legs. Small raised bumps on the red spots may appear and lasts for 5 to 6 days.

 

Transmission of Measles

From 1 – 2 days prior to the onset of the rash to 4 days after the rash erupts.

 

Incubation Period

Averages 8 – 12 days/lasts 14 days

 

Diagnosis

By examining the skin rash and checking for symptoms that are characteristic of the disease, such as white spots in the mouth. The doctor may conduct a laboratory test to check for the measles virus.

 

Treatment

There is no specific treatment for measles. If there are no complications, the doctor will recommend plenty of rest and will take the necessary measures to control the fever and prevent dehydration.

 

Prevention

Limit interaction with infected persons and separate suspected measles patients up to 4 days after the rash develops. A measles vaccination is the most effective way to ensure immunity and prevent an outbreak.